Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin( born 7 October 1952) is a Russian politician and former intelligence officer serving as the current chairman of Russia. Putin has served continuously as chairman or high minister since 1999 as high minister from 1999 to 2000 and from 2008 to 2012, and as chairman from 2000 to 2008 and since 2012.
Putin worked as a KGB foreign intelligence officer for 16 times, rising to the rank of assistant colonel before relinquishing in 1991 to begin a political career in Saint Petersburg. He moved to Moscow in 1996 to join the administration of chairman Boris Yeltsin.
He compactly served as director of the Federal Security Service( FSB) and clerk of the Security Council of Russia, before being appointed as high minister in August 1999.
After the abdication of Yeltsin, Putin became acting chairman and, lower than four months latterly, was tagged outright to his first term as chairman.
He was reelected in 2004. As he was naturally limited to two successive terms as chairman at the time, Putin served as high minister again from 2008 to 2012 under Dmitry Medvedev.
He returned to the administration in 2012 in an election marred by allegations of fraud and demurrers and was reelected in 2018. In April 2021, following a vote, he inked into law indigenous emendations including bone that would allow him to run for reelection doubly more, potentially extending his administration to 2036.
During Putin’s first tenure as president, the Russian economy grew on average by seven percent per year, following economic reforms and a fivefold increase in the price of oil and gas.
Putin also led Russia during a war against Chechen secessionists, reestablishing civil control of the region.
As high minister under Medvedev, he oversaw a war against Georgia as well as military and police reform. During his third term as chairman, Russia adjoined Crimea and patronized a war in eastern Ukraine with several military irruptions made, performing in transnational warrants and a fiscal extremity in Russia.
He also ordered a military intervention in Syria to support Russian ally Bashar al-Assad in the Syrian civil war; eventually securing a deal that granted permanent naval bases in the Eastern Mediterranean.
During his fourth term as chairman, he presided over a military buildup on the border of Ukraine, and in February 2022, launched a large- scale irruption, leading to transnational commination and expanded warrants.
The International Criminal Court opened an disquisition into war crimes in Ukraine. In September 2022, Putin blazoned a partial mobilisation and officially approved the forcible annexation of four Ukrainian oblasts into Russia, an act which is illegal under transnational law.
Under Putin’s leadership, Russia has experienced popular backsliding and a shift to despotism.
His rule has been characterised by aboriginal corruption as well as multitudinous mortal rights violations, including the jailing and suppression of political opponents, the intimidation and repression of independent media in Russia, and a lack of free and fair choices.
Putin’s Russia has scored poorly on Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index, the Economist Intelligence Unit’s Democracy Index, Freedom House’s Freedom in the World index, and Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index.
Putin is the alternate-longest presently serving European chairman after Alexander Lukashenko of Belarus.